Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: An Examination of New Economic Geography Theory

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Professor of Economics in Mazandaran Universityh

2 Ph.D. Student in Mazandaran University

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting the manufacturing industry wage among selected developing countries based on new economic geography theory. More specifically, we use a panel data model to study the spatial structure of wages in 136 countries for the period 1998-2007. The results indicate that this theory provides a good description of the spatial structure of wages. We find that the market size and the distance-weighted have positive relationships with wage.  However, the price of non-tradable goods has a negative effect on the spatial structure of wages. The result shows that the conditions governing the labor market is more important in explaining wage inequalities than the characteristics of labor or labor productivity.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

نابرابری دستمزددرکشورهای درحال توسعه: آزمون تئوری جغرافیای جدیداقتصادی

Authors [Persian]

  • سعید راسخی 1
  • مرضیه دیندار رستمی 2
1 گروه اقتصاد، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر
2 کارشناس ارشد اقتصاد، دانشگاه مازندران
Abstract [Persian]

هدف از مطالعه حاضر بررسی عوامل موثر بر دستمزد صنعت کارخانه‌ای کشورهای در حال توسعه منتخب بر اساس تئوری جعرافیای جدید اقتصادی می‌باشد. برای این منظور، با بکارگیری روش داده‌های تابلویی و 1360 مشاهده (136 شکاف میان کشورهای در حال توسعه طی دوره زمانی 2007-1998) ساختار فضایی دستمزد در کشورهای درحال توسعه منتخب مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته است. نتایج نشان می دهد که تئوری جغرافیای جدید اقتصادی توصیف مناسبی برای ساختار فضایی دستمزد فراهم می کند. مشخصاً، اندازه بازار و مسافت موزون رابطه مثبت با دستمزد داشته و قیمت کالاهای غیرتجاری اثر منفی بر ساختار فضایی دستمزد دارد. بدین ترتیب، در توضیح نابرابری‌های دستمزد، بجای ویژگی‌ها و بهره وری نیروی کار، شرایط حاکم بر بازار کار دارای اهمیت است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • جغرافیای جدید اقتصادی
  • ساختار فضایی دستمزد
  • تمرکز
  • اندازه بازار
  • هزینه‌های حمل و نقل
  • کشورهای در حال توسعه
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