Total Factor Productivity Growth, Technical Change and Technical Efficiency Change in Asian Economies: Decomposition Analysis

Authors

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyze total factor productivity (TFP) growth and its components in Asian countries applying Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) to the time series data of 44 Asian countries from 2000 to 2010. Using Battese and Coelli approach, TFP is divided into technical efficiency change and technical change. TFP decomposition using SFA method for the years 1998 to 2007 indicates that in 75 % of these economies, the role of technical change in productivity growth is negative. Only in 11 countries technical change had a positive role in productivity growth. The growth of TFP shows that Japan has the highest productivity growth (2.55 %) and Saudi Arabia, Korea and Hong Kong are located in subsequent positions. Furthermore, due to the lowest technical progress, newly independent countries, such as Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan have the slowest TFP growth.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

رشد بهره وری کل عوامل تولید، تغییرات فنی و تغییرات کارایی فنی در اقتصادهای آسیا: روش تجزیه

Authors [Persian]

  • وحید شهابی نژاد
  • محمدرضا زارع مهرجردی
  • مرتضی یعقوبی
Abstract [Persian]

هدف از این مقاله تحلیل بهره وری کل عوامل تولید در44 کشور آسیایی با استفاده از تحلیل مرز تصادفی در دوره 2000 تا 2010 می باشد. با استفاده از مدل باتیز و کول[1] بهره وری کل عوامل تولید به  فاکتورهای تغییرات فنی و تغییرات کارایی فنی تجزیه شد. تجزیه بهره وری با استفاده از این روش نشان می دهد در بین سال های 1998 تا 2007 در 75 درصد  از این کشورها نقش تغییرات فنی منفی بوده است، فقط در 11 کشور تغییرات فنی نقش مثبت در رشد بهر وری داشته است. نتایج حاصل از محاسبه رشد بهره وری نشان می دهد که کشور ژاپن با رشدی معادل 55/2 درصد در صدر قرار دارد و کشورهای عربستان سعودی، کره جنوبی و هنک کنگ در موقعیت های بعدی قرار دارند. همچنین کمترین رشد بهره وری مربوط به کشورهای تازه استقلال یافته، ارمنستان، آذربایجان، قزاقستان، قرقیزستان، تاجیکستان، ترکمنستان و ازبکستان می باشد.



[1]. Battese  & Coelli

Keywords [Persian]

  • کارایی
  • بهره وری
  • پیشرفت فنی
  • تحلیل مرز تصادفی
  • اقتصاد های آسیا
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