Determinants of New Firm Formation: Does Location Matter?



The link between location features and the propensity to start a new firm is a subject that did not get much attention in Iran until recently. This paper is the first attempt on this proposition and is concerned with deliberating the effect of demographical and industrial characteristics of location on start-up rates in Iranian manufacturing industries. To fulfill this aim, regional panel data based on Iranian provinces during 2002-2006 is used. Having employed the GLS method, the results of this paper show that demographical characteristics have a significant effect on new firm formation. Furthermore, we find considerable evidence suggesting that central regions succeeded in increasing the level of start-ups during the period under inspection. In addition, birth rates are greater in regions where GDP growth, security, and urbanization are high and experience abatement in regions with high minimum efficient scale and unemployment. The results of this paper can be considered as the basis of a policy that aims to promote development in borderland provinces. The government could also provide entrepreneurs with incentives to encourage them to create new firms and businesses in these regions.

Article Title [Persian]

عوامل موثر بر ورود بنگاه‌ها: آیا مکان تاثیرگذار است؟

Authors [Persian]

  • محمدعلی فیض پور
  • مهوش مرادی
Abstract [Persian]

تعامل مکان و ایجاد بنگاه­های جدید مقوله­ای است که در ایران تاکنون بدان پرداخته نشده و از این رو این مقاله می­کوشد تا تاثیر ویژگی­های جغرافیایی و صنعتی را در ایجاد بنگاه­های صنعتی ایران مورد بررسی و کنکاش قرار دهد. برای این منظور از روش داده­های تلفیقی در سطح مناطق و در فاصله زمانی 1380-1384 استفاده شده است. با استفاده از روش GLS، نتایج این مطالعه نشان دهنده آن است که عوامل مکانی و جغرافیایی تاثیر معنی­داری را بر شکل­گیری بنگاه­های جدید بر جای گذاشته­اند. علاوه­برآن، نتایج این مطالعه نشان دهنده آن است که مناطق مرکزی ایران به صورت قابل توجهی نسبت به مناطق مرزی از نرخ­های بالاتر ایجاد بنگاه­های جدید برخوردار بوده­اند. همچنین، نرخ شکل­گیری بنگاه­های جدید در مناطقی با رشد GDP بیشتر، امنیت بالاتر و درصد بالای شهرنشینی بیشتر است. این در حالی است که حداقل اندازه کارا و نرخ بیکاری باعث کاهش نرخ ایجاد بنگاه­های جدید می­شود. براین اساس نتایج به دست آمده از این پژوهش می­تواند زمینه را برای شناسایی سیاست­هایی که می­کوشند تا کارآفرینی را در مناطق مرزی با ایجاد بنگاه­های جدید دنبال کنند، فراهم نماید.

Keywords [Persian]

  • نرخ ورود
  • مشخصات مکانی
  • صنایع تولیدی
  • GLS
  • ایران
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