The Impact of Social Capital on Innovation in Selected Countries

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Department of Economics, Payame Noor University, Tehran-Iran

2 Department of Economics, Allameh Tabatabayi University, Tehran-Iran


Using panel data method, this study examines the effects of different dimensions of social capital on innovation at the societal level across 21 countries (19 Asian countries plus Russia and Egypt) for the period 1995-2011. Dimensions of social capital that have been considered in this study include generalized trust, trust toward friends, institutional trust, civic participation, and norms of civic behavior. We use Fully Modified OLS (FMOLS) method to estimate the model. Our empirical findings suggest that in Asian countries some aspects of social capital such as trust toward friends, generalized trust and norms of civic behavior have a positive and significant effect on innovation. But civic participation and institutional trust have no significant impact on innovation. Moreover, we find that human capital and R & D expenditure have a positive effect on innovation in these countries.


Article Title [Persian]

تأثیر سرمایه اجتماعی بر نوآوری در کشورهای منتخب

Authors [Persian]

  • فرهاد خداداد کاشی 1
  • علی افسری 2
1 استاد گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکتری دانشکده اقتصاد دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

در این مقاله تأثیر ابعاد گوناگون سرمایه اجتماعی بر نوآوری 21 کشور (19 کشور آسیا به­ علاوه روسیه و مصر) در سال­ های 1995 تا 2011 میلادی با استفاده از روش داده­ های پانلی بررسی شده است. ابعاد سرمایه اجتماعی که در این مطالعه مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است شامل اعتماد تعمیم یافته، اعتماد به دوستان، اعتماد نهادی، مشارکت مدنی و هنجارهای رفتار مدنی می­باشد. در این تحقیق از روش حداقل مربعات معمولی کاملاً اصلاح شده (FMOLS) برای برآورد بردارهای هم انباشتگی در حالت­ های مختلف استفاده شده است. بر اساس نتایج تحقیق، در کشورهای آسیا برخی از ابعاد سرمایه اجتماعی شامل اعتماد تعمیم یافته، اعتماد به دوستان و هنجارهای رفتار مدنی تأثیر مثبت معناداری بر نوآوری دارند، اما مشارکت مدنی و اعتماد نهادی تأثیر معناداری بر نوآوری ندارند. همچنین سرمایه انسانی و هزینه­ های تحقیق و توسعه تأثیر مثبت معناداری بر نوآوری دارند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • سرمایه اجتماعی
  • نوآوری
  • کشورهای آسیا
  • اعتماد تعمیم یافته
  • هنجارهای رفتار مدنی
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