The Effects of Democracy on Environment Quality Index in Selected OIC Countries

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Economics, Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Economics, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.

Abstract

The relationship between democracy and environment has always been controversial. Some scientists found that democracy had a positive impact on reducing environmental disruption. Other scholars claimed that democracy tends to accelerate environmental degradation. Ther are many studies focusing on main determinants of environmental degradation. More recently, democracy is considered to be one of factors affecting environmental quality. This research studies the relationship between democracy and environment quality in selected Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) countries by using panel data model for the period 2000-2010. The results of estimation show that democracy affects environment quality directly in these countries. Moreover, we find that economic growth and trade have positive effect on environmental quality. However, energy consumption and population have negative effect on environment in selected OIC countries.

Keywords


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