RETRACTED:The Role of Foreign Direct Investment, Technology Transfer and Spillover Effects on Economic Growth: A GTAP model

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

Department of Environmental Economics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to investigate the effects of technology transfer through the imports of intermediate goods by developing countries developed countries with the emphasis on Iran economy. For this purpose, we used multi-sectoral and multi–regional computable general equilibrium GTAP model (multi-sectoral and multi-regional CGE model). The paper examined the effect of a ten percent productivity shock in high-tech industries of industrial countries on economic sectors of Iran. The result shows that technology transfer embodied in Iran’s imports of intermediate goods leads to increase in outputs and decrease in prices. Factors such as absorptive capacity, structural similarity and effectiveness contributed to the spillover effects of technological improvements in Iran.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

پس گرفته شده: نقش سرمایه‌گذاری مستقیم خارجی، انتقال تکنولوژی و اثرات سرریز بر رشد اقتصادی (با رویکردی از مدل تعادل عمومی استاندارد)

Authors [Persian]

  • حسینعلی فاخر
  • زهرا عابدی
دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، گروه اقتصاد محیط زیست، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

هدف اصلی مقاله حاضر بررسی اثرات انتقال تکنولوژی از طریق واردات کالاهای واسطه­ای از کشورهای توسعه­یافته به کشورهای در حال توسعه و اثرات سرریز بر رشد اقتصادی با تأکید بر اقتصاد ایران می­باشد. در این راستا، ما از مدل تعادل عمومی استاندارد چند بخشی و چند منطقه­ای پروژه تحلیل تجارت جهانی استفاده کرده­ایم. یک اثر شوک بهره وری ده درصدی، در صنایع با تکنولوژی بالا مربوط کشورهای صنعتی در بخش های اقتصادی ایران به چشم می­خورد. نتایج نشان می­دهد که انتقال تکنولوژی موجود در واردات کالاهای واسطه­ای موجب افزایش در ستانده و کاهش در قیمت­ها می­گردد. عواملی از قبیل ظرفیت جذب، شباهت ساختاری و اثربخشی در اثرات سرریز بهبود تکنولوژیکی سهیم هستند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • انتقال تکنولوژی
  • سرمایه‌گذاری مستقیم خارجی
  • اثرات سرریز
  • مدل تعادل عمومی
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