Subsidies Allocation using ZSG-DEA Model: Evidence from Manufacturing Industries in Iran

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Department of Economics, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran.

2 Faculty of Economics, Tarbiat Modares University


Industrial subsidy is one of the important tools in support of the national production that plays a crucial role in the realization of a resilient economy. Regarding limited financial resources, it is important to determine how these subsidies can be distributed efficiently. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to provide a model for allocating industrial subsidy among 22 manufacturing industries at the level of 2-digit ISIC codes using the ZSG-DEA model based on the merging of the concepts of game theory with the DEA, and also four effective criteria in allocating public resources namely, industrial added value, the number of industrial employees, the amount of direct export and the amount of industrial taxes and duties. The results of the study show that the food and beverage industry should receive the highest proportion of the optimum subsidy, whereas industries related to manufacturing office machines, accounting and computing machinery, radio, television, communication devices, wearing apparel, tanning and polishing leather and leather goods, fur, and manufacturing tobacco products should receive the lowest proportion of industrial subsidies.