Notability of Substantive Elements of Economics, in Groundwork of Evolution of Economic Thought

Document Type: Research Paper


Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.


This paper is investigating that:" resurging evolution of economic thought, EET, is brilliantly in direction with eminence of substantive elements of economics itself". It presupposes that the substantive elements of economics embraces the following package: 1- maintaining on some epistemic doctrines, including rationality, efficiency and equilibrium.2-dynamic characteristic of economic theories. 3-obvious interdisciplinary framework and systematic relationship with other social sciences.4- Compatibility with mildness and moderation.5- institutional, social and ethical potentialty.6-pluralistic in nature and potentiality for methodological reforms.7-Applying the package in question would create an outstanding analytical power. Due to pluralistic nature of conventional economics, it constitutes mainstream and non-mainstream, neoclassic and non-neoclassical paradigms and so forth. Moreover, neoclassic paradigm includes both orthodox and non-orthodox approaches. This paper maintains on efficacy of moderate and non-orthodox paradigms of conventional economics.


Article Title [Persian]

برجستگی عناصر قائم بالذات علم اقتصاد در روند تکامل اندیشه اقتصادی

Author [Persian]

  • یدالله دادگر
دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
Abstract [Persian]

این مقاله این موضوع را تحلیل می‌کند که: بازگشت به اندیشه اقتصادی به‌طوری چشمگیر در راستای تبیین عناصر قائم بالذات خود علم اقتصاد است. پیش‌فرض کلیدی این کار آن است که عناصر قائم بالذات علم اقتصاد بسته زیر را شامل می‌شود: 1- استواری بر یک سلسله اصول معرفت‌شناختی مانند عقلانیت، کارآمدی و تعادل 2- دارای نظریه‌های پویا 3- برخورداری آشکار از چارچوب بین‌رشته‌ای و پیوند نظام‌مند با دیگر رشته‌های علوم اجتماعی 4- دارای ظرفیت تولید پارادایم‌های میانه و معتدل 5- بهره‌مندی از قابلیت نهادی، اجتماعی و اخلاقی 6- ماهیت چند پارادایمی و قابلیت اصلاح روش شناختی و سرانجام 7- داشتن ظرفیت تحلیلی قوی به دلیل ویژگی‌های یادشده. همچنین بر این نتیجه تأکید می‌شود که اقتصاد به دلیل خصوصیت چند پارادایمی شامل رویکردهای ارتدکسی و هم غیر ارتدکسی است. یک یافته این مقاله نشان دادن کارآمدی پارادایم‌های غیر ارتدکسی از مجموعه پارادایم‌های اقتصاد متعارف است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • سیر اندیشه اقتصادی
  • عناصر قائم بالذات اقتصاد
  • اقتصاد متعارف
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