The Effects of Iran's Reallocating its Oil and Gas Sales Revenues to Developing its Upstream Affairs

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Economics, , University of Semnan, Semnan, Iran.

2 Department of Economics, , University of Allame-Tabatabaei, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Oil and Gas sector, with notable participation in national product and funding public expenditures, plays a seminal role in Iran's economy. Although there is a relative lag in providing proportionate supply, Iran stands at the highest rank of owning world's related proven reserves. Using a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model, this study was aimed to investigate the effects of the increase in the acquisition rate of Iran's oil and gas upstream affairs from oil revenues on GNP and public budget, which are supposed to help the government keep its main obligations often funded from oil revenues.
By applying the 18% gain, instead of the current 14.5%, to the oil and gas upstream affairs, short-run recession against long-run booming effects would emerge. Accordingly, maintaining the initial level of either the Public Goods and Services (PGS) output or Government Financial Supports on PGS, GNP could boost up to 5% with over 15% of required contraction in the public budget. On the contrary, maintaining the initial level of either the Transfer Payments or Transfer Payments and Financial Supports on PGS (simultaneously), GNP would rise only 1%, due to the negligible required contraction in the public budget. Therefore, allocating more oil revenues to developing upstream affairs (even under the presence of the contemporary main obligations) is recommended due to its potential to spur notable growth in GNP.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

آثار بازتخصیص درآمد فروش نفت و گاز ایران به توسعه امور بالادستی آن

Authors [Persian]

  • فردین فرحناک 1
  • مجید مداح 1
  • عباس شاکری 2
1 گروه اقتصاد، دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران
2 گروه اقتصاد، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.
Abstract [Persian]

بخش نفت و گاز با سهم قابل توجه در تولید ملی و تامین هزینه‏های عمومی نقش مهمی را در اقتصاد ایران ایفا می‏کند. علیرغم، عقب ماندگی در تأمین سهم متناسب از عرضه جهانی، ایران در بالاترین رتبه از حیث ذخایر اثبات شده جهانی مرتبط قرار دارد. این تحقیق با استفاده از یک مدل CGE، به بررسی اثرات افزایش سهم امور بالادستی نفت و گاز از درآمدهای نفتی، بر تولید ناخالص ملی و بودجه عمومی مشروط به حفظ تعهدات اصلی دولت که اغلب از درآمدهای نفتی تامین می‏شود، می پردازد.
با افزایش سهم 18 درصد از درآمد نفت و گاز به جای 14.5% کنونی، در کوتاه مدت رکود و درمقابل در بلند مدت رونق رخ خواهد داد. بر این اساس، با حفظ سطح اولیه؛ 1- ستانده کالاها و خدمات عمومی، یا 2- میزان حمایت مالی دولتی در تأمین کالاها و خدمات عمومی، GNP همگام با انقباض 15٪ در بودجه عمومی می‏تواند تا 5٪ افزایش یابد. در مقابل، با حفظ سطح اولیه؛ 3- پرداخت‏های انتقالی یا 4- حفظ همزمان پرداختهای انتقالی و حمایت مالی از تأمین کالاهای عمومی، ضمن الزام به انقباض بسیار ناچیز بودجه عمومی برای دولت GNP تنها 1٪ افزایش می‏یابد. بنابراین، با توجه به پتانسیل رشد چشمگیر GNP، پیشنهاد می‏شود که بازتخصیص سهم بیشتری از درآمد نفتی برای توسعه امور بالادستی آن (حتی بشرط حفظ تعهدات کنونی دولت) اجرایی شود.

Keywords [Persian]

  • نفت و گاز
  • بودجه عمومی
  • CGE
  • GNP
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