Volume 11 (2022)
Volume 10 (2021)
Volume 9 (2020)
Volume 8 (2019)
Volume 7 (2018)
Volume 6 (2017)
Volume 5 (2016)
Volume 4 (2015)
Volume 3 (2014)
Volume 2 (2013)
Volume 1 (2012)
International Economics
The Impact of Economic Sanctions on Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Iran

Mahdi Hemmati; Ebrahim Hadian; Ali Hussein Samadi; Ahmad Sadraei Javaheri

Volume 11, Issue 1 , March 2022


  Exchange rate misalignment has involved many world countries. It has profoundly affected the internal and external sectors of the economy. Hence, disclosing the emergence and formation causes of the misalignments is a requisite. Studies on the Iranian economy have mostly evaluated the sanctions’ ...  Read More

The Switching Pattern of Government Expenditures in Response to Sanctions in Iran

Majid Maddah; Azadeh Talebbeidokhti

Volume 5, Issue 1 , June 2016, , Pages 31-47


  Abstract: The aim of international economic sanctions is imposing economic restrictions on target countries. In order to decrease the sanctions negative brunt on citizenry and make it ineffective, government may respond to sanctions through policies such as increasing the supply of public goods. This ...  Read More

The Asymmetric Effects of Tax Revenues on Government Expenditures in Iran

Majid Maddah; Mahboobeh Farahati

Volume 3, Issue 2 , December 2014, , Pages 43-62


  The tax-expenditure hypothesis posed by Milton Friedman emphasizes a positive causal relationship between government tax revenues and government expenditures. If citizens do not have a correct perception of the real tax burden and under-estimate the price of public goods and services, there is a negative ...  Read More